There are two types of insomnia.
Primary insomnia develops at a time when no other cause of sleep problems exists or they cannot be detected. There is also secondary insomnia, which can be caused by medication, nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, drugs, chronic pain, stress, rheumatoid arthritis, hyperthyroidism, brain injuries and many other causes. In this case, the removal of the underlying cause may help in the treatment of insomnia.
10 facts about insomnia, which may surprise many.
The number of victims of insomnia in different countries may vary significantly. For example, in Canada, 13% of the population suffers from it, or every seventh resident is over 15 years old, and in the USA – about 9%.
18% of insomnia victims sleep less than 5 hours at night, and 29% of them admit that they have taken all sorts of sleeping pills in the last 12 months. In the group who did not suffer from insomnia, 7% of people resorted to these drugs.
The risk of insomnia increases with age. In the age group from 15 to 24 years, up to 10% of people suffer from insomnia, and those over the age of 75 suffer from up to 20%.
Women face insomnia more often than men. In this case, the ratio is 15% versus 12%.
Various health problems cause insomnia in approximately 20% of its victims.
Almost every third person suffering from insomnia also has anxiety or mood disorders. Only 12% of insomnia victims have no mental problems.
23% of people who consider their life quite stressful suffer from insomnia. This is two times more than among those people who practically do not feel any stress. At the same time, 17% of insomnia victims rate their ability to cope with various life problems extremely low.
Suffering from large amounts of excess weight and obesity, people are more likely to experience insomnia compared with those who have normal weight. In the latter category, the number of victims of insomnia is minimal.
It turns out that the likelihood of becoming a victim of insomnia depends on the level of education – less educated people often face this disorder. According to experts, this phenomenon can be explained by the fact that the lack of education is associated with a low standard of living, which is one of the factors of stress.
16% of alcohol abusers suffer from insomnia. It is known that alcohol causes a quicker bedtime for many people, but the quality of sleep decreases greatly.